The Automotive Service Association (ASA) participated in a recent workshop conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in Washington, D.C. on Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) Clauses and Antitrust Enforcement and Policy.
Prior to the workshop, the DOJ and the FTC issued this joint statement: “The most commonly used MFN provisions guarantee a customer that it will receive prices that are at least as favorable as those provided to other buyers of the same seller, for the same products or services.
“Although at times employed for benign purposes, MFNs can, under certain circumstances, present competitive concerns. This is because they may, especially when used by a dominant buyer of intermediate goods, raise other buyers’ costs or foreclose would-be competitors from accessing the market. Additionally, MFNs can facilitate collusion and stabilize coordinated pricing among sellers.”
The workshop included seminars and panels on the economic theories regarding MFNs and the harms and efficiencies they involve, the empirical evidence on effects of MFNS, legal treatment of MFNs, the use of MFNs in the real world, and how thinking about MFNs has evolved and where it might go.
“Clearly federal regulators have an interest in MFN clause policy,” said Bob Redding, ASA’s Washington, D.C., representative. “What was evident from the workshop is that public policy regarding MFN clauses is still evolving. There are a number of outstanding questions such as whether these clauses – in many business sectors a common practice – have a net benefit for consumers. The FTC and the DOJ have a difficult task in determining how to regulate MFN clauses in order to protect consumers and small businesses.”