Technical Service Bulletins

Locked-Up Bimmer

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Locked-Up Bimmer

This bulletin released by BMW addresses the issue of potential engine hydraulic lock caused by a fuel injector that is stuck in the open position, where the engine will mo longer turn over due to liquid fuel trapped in the cylinder.

If a vehicle is towed into the shop with a suspected hydraulic lock condition, the following repair tips should be applied:

  • Remove the spark plugs and rotate the crankshaft manually. Do not crank the engine with the starter. Fire hazard is possible.
  • Check the compression on all cylinders.

Testing conditions:

The battery must be in perfect condition. The engine should be warm, with coolant temperature at a maximum of 95 degrees Fahrenheit. The accelerator pedal should be fully depressed when cranking the engine.

Crank the engine until the compressor gauge indicator stops rising. The compression pressures should be approximately equal for all cylinders, at 143-256 psi. If the compression pressures are all within specification, check the engine oil for fuel dilution and change oil and filter if needed.

If compression is below 143 psi in the cylinder in which a stuck-open injector has been diagnosed, that cylinder’s piston/connecting rod may have been damaged due to the force applied by the hydraulic lock.

Remove all fuel injectors and check the leakage rate. Further engine tear-down should be carried out to determine the cause of low compression in the affected cylinder.

The starter drive and ring gear should also be checked for damage such as missing or stripped teeth.

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